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Is ACT Aspire An Accurate Predictor of Your Real ACT Score?

Posted by Halle Edwards | Mar 21, 2015 12:16:00 AM

ACT General Info

 

main_actaspire

In 2014, the makers of the ACT rolled out a new pre-ACT test: the ACT Aspire. Unlike the ACT Plan, which was given just to tenth graders, the ACT Aspire is meant to be given to 3rd through 11th graders, with the goal of testing Common Core standards as well as ACT readiness.

The ACT Aspire has its own scoring scale, content, and goals compared to the ACT. But it provides a predicted ACT score based on your performance. So is that predicted score accurate? We’ll give you the answer.

 

History: The Plan Test

Before we get into the details of Aspire, it’s helpful to know about the ACT’s old pre-ACT test: the ACT Plan. It was an ACT-style test for tenth graders, shorter in length than the ACT, but with similar questions.

Like the ACT, the Plan was a traditional paper and pencil multiple choice test. It did not include a writing section like the ACT Plus Writing does.

The ACT Plan was essentially considered the ACT’s version of the PSATa shorter, less-difficult version of the same test.

ACT also offered the Explore test for 8th and 9th graders. Explore was also a version of the ACT, but shorter and designed to predict the future success of middle school students.

The Plan was scored between 1-32, whereas the ACT is scored between 1-36. It predicted an ACT score between 1 and 5 points higher than the Plan score.

 

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Table 1. Score predictions via ACT Plan.

 

For example, a plan score of 32 mapped to an ACT score between 33 and 36.

These predictions were by no means set in stone. Some students would score higher than the PLAN predicted because they didn’t really try on the Plan and took it without studying, whereas they would study for the ACT. It’s easy to find archived discussions online about Plan scores and ACT scores, with many students reporting they outscored their Plan predictions by 5-10 points.

Sometimes, students would also fail to meet their Plan predictions, since the Plan doesn’t have the same depth as the ACT, especially on the math section (there was less plane geometry and no trigonometry on the Plan).

The old ACT Plan website itself says to “Keep in mind that these scores are only estimates, not guarantees. Improving your study habits and taking more challenging courses are likely to improve your ACT scores.”

So even with a test very similar to the ACT, the estimated ACT score was just that – an estimation. So what happens with something as different as the ACT Aspire?

 

What Exactly Is ACT Aspire?

Aspire is a new test for third through eleventh graders designed to assess the new Common Core standards and college readiness, with alignment to the ACT subject areas. That means it tests Math, Reading, English, Writing, and Science.

Aspire can be taken with computers or on paper, though paper is more expensive, so most schools are using the computer-based test. This is different than the ACT, which is still given on paper.

Aspire is still quite new. It rolled out in 2014 and schools are adjusting to the change. It’s more expensive than the Plan, and many schools are still new to giving computer-based standardized tests.

Unlike the ACT, Aspire doesn’t just have multiple-choice questions. There are short writing responses, longer responses including essays and narratives, questions that have you construct an argument or timeline, math questions that have you explain why someone else’s work is incorrect, and lists that you have to select all of the correct answers from.

To see sample Aspire questions, visit this ACT site to access login information for the all the test sections and grade levels you're interested in.

ACT is hoping Aspire will become the national standard for testing college readiness and Common Core standards, similar to other achievement tests like the PARCC.

 

How Is ACT Aspire Scored?

Aspire is not graded like the Plan with an ACT-like scale. Instead, it assigns scores between 400 and 460 for each subject. We have included the current score ranges for each subject below. 

 

English

This score scale lists the score ranges for each grade from 3 to 10. Note that while the bottom of the range is consistent, Aspire expects students to steadily improve over time as they acquire more knowledge in each grade.

body_english-1

Via ACT Aspire.

 

Math

The ACT Aspire website also provides score benchmarks for each grade, in addition to the score ranges. You can see the benchmarks for each grade for the Math test below.

body_mathscores

Via ACT Aspire.

 

Reading

body_reading-801

Via ACT Aspire.

 

Science

body_science

Via ACT Aspire.

 

Writing

body_writing

Via ACT Aspire.

 

These score scales are obviously quite different from the ACT's 1-36 range, and even the Plan's 1-32 range.

However, the ACT still uses those scores to map to future ACT scores, based on when you took the test. For example, they would predict a higher future ACT score if an eigth grader earned a 425 versus a tenth grader, since an eight grader has more time to learn and improve.

Since Aspire is new, there isn’t a ton of data yet to see if their ACT score predictions match up with what students actually earn. It will take a few years of students taking Aspire and then going on to take the ACT as juniors and seniors to get a sense of how accurately Aspire maps to ACT scores.

Still, we will examine some of the data ACT has released to give you a rough idea of how they predict scores will match up – and help you interpret a score you have already received!

 

ACT Data Sample

ACT has released a data sample of 50 students, showing their Aspire scores in tenth grade, and their ACT scores in eleventh grade. It's just one sample, but we can use it to start exploring how Aspire scores translate to ACT scores.

 

Aspire English ACT English   Aspire Math ACT Math   Aspire Reading ACT Reading   Aspire Science ACT Science
411 8   411 11   410 13   414 10
411 17   414 15   413 14   415 17
413 16   417 19   414 15   415 16
419 14   417 16   415 16   416 17
419 10   418 16   415 20   417 20
422 12   419 19   415 19   417 16
423 11   420 15   416 12   419 15
424 10   420 16   419 17   419 19
424 10   421 22   420 17   419 17
425 14   421 17   420 22   421 18
425 15   421 15   421 22   421 21
425 17   422 19   421 19   421 22
426 16   422 20   422 23   422 22
427 19   422 17   422 19   424 18
427 12   423 16   422 17   424 19
428 21   424 22   422 19   424 17
428 20   424 16   423 14   425 17
428 22   425 15   424 23   427 21
428 21   425 18   424 21   427 13
430 17   426 16   424 18   427 18
430 20   426 17   425 16   427 23
432 19   427 22   426 24   427 24
433 21   428 15   426 16   427 20
434 16   428 23   427 18   428 15
434 22   429 23   427 16   428 19
435 23   430 20   427 18   429 21
436 21   430 19   427 18   429 23
436 22   431 26   427 25   429 13
437 22   431 25   427 23   429 25
437 20   432 23   428 22   430 21
437 26   432 17   428 26   430 23
437 21   432 24   429 20   430 25
438 26   434 23   429 26   431 20
438 23   434 22   429 23   431 19
439 25   434 21   429 19   431 24
439 23   437 28   429 31   433 20
439 32   437 26   429 22   434 26
439 24   437 19   431 21   434 23
440 28   437 23   432 28   435 28
440 31   438 28   432 29   435 24
441 26   438 28   432 30   436 28
442 25   441 27   432 21   436 23
442 28   442 26   434 28   437 27
442 24   443 29   434 23   439 24
443 24   443 27   434 25   440 30
443 33   443 28   434 33   440 25
444 26   444 28   435 31   441 30
447 31   446 32   435 31   442 29
448 32   448 33   435 32   442 33
448 35   455 30   435 34   443 34

 Table 2. ACT Aspire to ACT Score Equivalencies

 

As the Aspire score increases, the ACT score generally increases, though there is no steady pattern or prediction for what kind of Aspire score will lead to a certain ACT score.

For example, in the English scores, both a 440 and 447 Aspire score led to a 31 ACT, and 428, 434, 436 and 437 all mapped to a 22 ACT.

From these tables, we can observe the following general ranges: 

Aspire 400-420: ACT 1-16

Aspire 420-430: ACT 12-24

Aspire 430-440: ACT 20-32

Aspire 440+: ACT 26-36

These ranges are just estimates. For example, note that there were no scores higher than 440 for the Reading section, though ACT scores in the 30s were still reported.

Obviously, this isn’t nearly as neat as the old Plan predictions, where you could simply add 1 to 5 points to your Plan score to guess your ACT score. Plus, there are other complicating factors that make it hard to predict an ACT score based on the Aspire score.

 

Complicating Factors for Aspire Accuracy

 

Different Test Scales

Since the test scales are different, the score predictions for Aspire aren’t quite as straightforward as they were for Plan. Whereas the Plan used an ACT-like scale, Aspire has to translate the 390-470 scale to the ACT 1-36 scale. Although ranges can be created, like we showed above, they are certainly less straightforward.

 

Differing Questions

As we’ve seen, the ACT Aspire and the ACT are very different tests. One student might do better on Aspire – since it has free response, short answer, and more question variability – while another might do better on a straightforward multiple-choice test like the ACT. Unlike the Plan (as well as the PSAT compared to the SAT), there isn’t as much similarity between the Aspire and the ACT, making score mapping difficult.

 

Computer Versus Paper

Furthermore, taking a computer-based test is quite different from a paper-and-pencil one. Since you can usually see only one question at a time on the computer, it could be easier for some students to focus on the Aspire. Also, it only takes a split-second to log an answer choice, whereas for paper-and-pencil tests, bubbling takes time. These differences could cause a student to do better on Aspire than the ACT – especially if they lose the paper-taking test practice the Plan used to give them.

 

Different Test Conditions

Taking the ACT, unless you live in a state where all students take it, is different than taking a test in school. You wake up early on a Saturday, make sure you have a very specific set of supplies (admission ticket, I.D., No. 2 pencils, calculator), and psych yourself up to do well.

Taking a test in school, even required state testing, can blend into a regular school day. Students likely won’t feel the same motivation to do super well as they will when taking the ACT, since the ACT directly affects college admissions.

Students may tend to try harder and focus more on the ACT than the Aspire, which could easily allow them to outscore their Aspire predictions.

 

Extra Studying

It’s much more likely students will do extra studying on their own for the ACT. It’s very unlikely a student would study outside of class for Aspire, since the test doesn’t matter to their personal college admission goals. Any studying for Aspire would likely happen in school, at the discretion of teachers.

Because of that, it’s very likely a student who doesn’t do well on Aspire could still earn a very good ACT score by studying specifically for the ACT.

It’s also possible a student who does well on Aspire, with its varying question types and computer-based format, will struggle on the ACT, which is nearly all multiple choice and has very intense pacing.

 

The Bottom Line

The ACT Aspire will give you decent information about your progress in school and likely performance on the ACT. For example, its data might let you know you are ahead of your grade in reading and science but are behind on some math concepts, which will help you focus your studying for the ACT on the math section.

However, don’t take the predicted ACT score as fact, since Aspire and the ACT are so different, and the Aspire is so new.

At the end of the day, a much better predictor of your ACT score is the amount of quality studying you put in before the test. Even if you have a super-high Aspire score, you can’t walk into the ACT without studying and expect a 36. It’s a very tricky test that’s quite different from Aspire.

And if you’re really curious about how well you’ll do on the ACT, taking an actual ACT practice test is a better predictor. If you’re a freshman or sophomore, you could add between 1 and 5 points – like the Plan did – to your practice test score to predict your ACT potential.

But remember that you have the most control over your future ACT score. Instead of getting caught up in predictions, get caught up in studying!

 

What’s Next?

Speaking of studying, start planning out an ACT study schedule with our exclusive guide. Putting in the time, hour for hour, is the best way to improve your college admissions chances!

Get some more in-depth resources on the ACT. Get tips for a perfect ACT math score, learn how to write an ACT essay, and get a list of the vocabulary you must know for the ACT.

Learn more about how the ACT is scored to help you come up with a target raw score.

 

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Halle Edwards
About the Author

Halle Edwards graduated from Stanford University with honors. In high school, she earned 99th percentile ACT scores as well as 99th percentile scores on SAT subject tests. She also took nine AP classes, earning a perfect score of 5 on seven AP tests. As a graduate of a large public high school who tackled the college admission process largely on her own, she is passionate about helping high school students from different backgrounds get the knowledge they need to be successful in the college admissions process.



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