When October rolls around, over 1.5 million students across the country take the PSAT. Juniors who score in the top 1% achieve the distinction of being named National Merit Semifinalist. Most of these students move on to become National Merit Finalists and win scholarship money for college.
Being named National Merit Semifinalist is a huge achievement along the path to college. Let’s take a look at what you need to do to become a National Merit Semifinalist.
Basic Entry Requirements of National Merit Semifinalists
To become a Semifinalist and be eligible for future rounds, you must —
- be enrolled as a high school student, progressing normally toward graduation.
- plan to enroll full time in college starting the fall following high school graduation.
- be a U.S. citizen or U.S. lawful permanent resident planning to become a U.S. citizen.
Beyond these eligibility requirements, you also need to earn amazing scores on the PSAT. Read on to learn what scores qualify for National Merit distinction.
To be eligible for National Merit, you must plan to start college in the fall following high school graduation.
Qualifying Scores on the PSAT
The National Merit Scholarship Corporation uses its own Selection Index to determine which students qualify as Commended Students and Semifinalists. Students who score in the top 3% to 4% are named Commended Scholars, while students who score in the top 1% are deemed Semifinalists.
NMSC compares students on a state-by-state basis using its own Selection Index. This Selection Index ranges from 48 to 228 and is based on PSAT section scores. There are three PSAT section scores, each of which ranges from 8 to 38.
How can you calculate your Selection Index? All you need to is add your three PSAT section scores together and multiply by 2. Let's say you got a 28 in Reading, a 32 in Writing and Language, and a 34 in Math. To get your NMSC Selection Index score, you'd add your section scores together: 28 + 32 + 34. Then, you'd multiply the sum by 2. Your Selection Index score would be 188.
As you'll see in the chart below, a Selection Index score of 188 isn't quite high enough to become a National Merit Semifinalist. Instead, you'll need a Selection Index of 209 or higher, depending on where you take the test.
Based on reports from individuals around the country, we've put together a comprehensive list of qualifying Selection Index scores on the redesigned PSAT. Check out the most recent state cutoffs for National Merit Semifinalist in the chart below. These were used to pick out Semifinalist from the October 2015 administration of the PSAT.
|State||Selection Index Cutoff|
|District of Columbia||222|
As you can see, scores vary depending on where you take the test. Cutoffs regularly vary a few points between years, so if you haven't taken the PSAT yet and are aiming for National Merit, you should set your target Selection Index about 2 to 5 points higher than the predicted cutoff for your state.
After you take the PSAT, there's nothing more you can do to be named Semifinalist until the results are announced. The National Merit Scholarship Corporation notifies eligible students in September of the following school year.
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How to Become a National Merit Semifinalist
Doing well on the PSAT is all about preparation. Studying the content and format of the test is the best way to bring your score up. Some people may be natural test-takers; others may stress under pressure. But regardless of how you react to timed tests, preparing with high quality, relevant materials is the best way to position yourself toward top scores.
Since College Board makes the PSAT, its online practice questions are a great place to start. Take practice tests under typical test conditions. Work in a quiet area with few distractions and time yourself as the PSAT will be timed.
Taking timed tests is a skill, and practicing this skill will help you get better and better. Understanding the format of the test will also help you eliminate careless errors.
As you’re studying, identify your weaknesses. Do you see any patterns? Do you need more practice with Critical Reading questions? Grammar? Vocabulary? Algebra? Probability? Figure out where you need to focus your attention to really strengthen your overall score.
At the same, you may also be able to push up your overall score by playing to your strengths. NMSC considers your composite score, rather than how you did in each section. If you score a 650 on the math section of a practice test, it may be easy to push that up to a 750+. If you’re strong in Reading and Writing, you may be able to add more points to your composite score by focusing your energies there.
Because you’re competing against all the other students in your state, the score cutoffs may vary slightly from year to year, depending on how everyone does. As mentioned above, aim for a few points higher than the cutoff for your state when you take your practice tests.
To Sum Up...
Taking the PSAT is a skill that requires practice. Doing well on the PSAT is all about effort and preparation.
Time yourself. Figure out your weaknesses and work on filling in the gaps.
Figure out the best way to increase your composite score. Aim higher than the predicted cutoff for your state.
In addition to planning how you'll prep for the PSAT, you should ask yourself another important question: how will you stay motivated?
How to Stay Motivated for the PSAT
Staying motivated is key to sustaining your studying. Why do you want to do well on the PSAT? What drives you?
Some reasons to strive to become a National Merit Semifinalist are academic recognition, scholarship money, and getting into college. What are your own personal reasons? Write down your ideas, and look back at this list for inspiration whenever you feel your motivation lagging.
Since the PSAT is closely linked to the SAT, any studying you do now will definitely pay off when you take the SAT. Plus, it’s probably easier for you to find free time now than when you’re immersed in college applications senior year.
Achieving a qualifying score or higher takes a lot of hard work. The benefits of this hard work don’t end when you get your certificate in the mail from the National Merit Scholarship Corporation recognizing you as a semifinalist in September of your senior year.
You can prove to yourself and others the depth of your commitment and drive, that you can put hopes into action and dreams into determination. After all, this focused, purposeful effort is the key to achieving success, in anything that you do.
Being named Semifinalist is just the first step. Learn what it takes to become a National Merit Finalist and how to increase your chances of winning.
Did you know there are four kinds of National Merit Scholarships and over 8,000 are awarded? Learn more about the various scholarships here.
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Rebecca graduated with her Master's in Adolescent Counseling from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She has years of teaching and college counseling experience and is passionate about helping students achieve their goals and improve their well-being. She graduated magna cum laude from Tufts University and scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT.