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ACT Percentiles and Score Rankings

Posted by Halle Edwards | Dec 8, 2019 5:30:00 PM

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What's the difference between a good ACT score and a great ACT score? One way colleges make that distinction is by looking at ACT score percentiles.

ACT score percentiles help colleges compare students with one another, rather than just looking at everyone's individual score. Learn more about your ACT score percentile so you can maximize both your study time and admission chances. Then, find out your current score percentile using our detailed charts.

 

What's an ACT Percentile Ranking?

Your percentile ranking is a comparison of your ACT score with everyone else who took the test. Specifically, your percentile tells you how many people you scored equal to or higher than. The ACT will give you a percentile ranking for your composite score as well as for your four subject-area scores. (For more info on how the ACT is scored and how your composite is calculated, check out our guide.)

Your ACT score percentile is not like a grade out of 100; rather, it's a comparison between you and other students.

For example, if you get in the 70th percentile, this means you scored the same as or higher than 70% of test takers. It doesn't mean you got exactly 70% of the test questions correct. (In fact, the ACT is tricky enough that if you got about 70% of the questions right, your ranking would be closer to the 75th percentile.)

 

What Are the Current ACT Score Percentiles?

Now that you know about percentile rankings, let's go over what the ACT percentiles actually are, both for composite scores and individual section scores.

You can use the following chart to find percentile rankings for your ACT composite score and for each section (English, Math, Reading, and Science).

To find your percentile, look for your score between 1 and 36 on the left-hand side, and then slide over to the correct subject area or composite to see your percentile ranking. For example, a composite score of 30 has a 93rd percentile ranking, but a Reading section score of 30 has an 87th percentile ranking.

Here's the most recent ACT percentile data from 2019:

Score English Math Reading Science Composite Score
36 100 100 100 100 100 36
35 99 99 99 99 99 35
34 96 99 97 98 99 34
33 94 98 95 97 98 33
32 93 97 92 96 97 32
31 91 96 90 95 95 31
30 90 95 87 94 93 30
29 88 93 84 92 91 29
28 86 91 82 90 88 28
27 84 88 80 88 85 27
26 82 83 77 85 82 26
25 79 79 74 82 78 25
24 75 74 71 77 74 24
23 70 69 66 70 69 23
22 65 65 61 64 64 22
21 59 60 54 57 58 21
20 54 57 49 50 52 20
19 48 53 43 43 46 19
18 44 47 38 37 40 18
17 40 40 32 30 33 17
16 36 31 27 24 27 16
15 30 19 22 18 20 15
14 23 10 18 13 14 14
13 18 3 13 9 9 13
12 14 1 9 6 4 12
11 11 1 5 4 1 11
10 6 1 2 2 1 10
9 3 1 1 1 1 9
8 1 1 1 1 1 8
7 1 1 1 1 1 7
6 1 1 1 1 1 6
5 1 1 1 1 1 5
4 1 1 1 1 1 4
3 1 1 1 1 1 3
2 1 1 1 1 1 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1

 

 

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One important thing to note is that there's really no difference in percentiles at the highest and lowest score ranges. At the upper end, anything higher than a 34 composite score is in the 99th-100th percentiles. Similarly, at the lower end, any composite score between 1 and 11 is in the 1st percentile.

However, things change quickly in the middle. For example, a 3-point jump from 17 to 20 raises your percentile from the 33rd to the 52nd—or from below average to average.

To take another example, a 3-point jump from 26 to 29 takes you from the 82nd percentile to the 91st percentile. Getting into the 91st percentile is fantastic because it puts you in the top 10% of all test takers.

What all of this means is that if you get a lower or middle-range composite score, raising it by just a few points can have a dramatic effect on your percentile ranking and therefore your college admission chances.

In addition, unless you're shooting for the most elite schools, if you get a 34 composite or higher, you probably shouldn't worry about having to retake the ACT.

 

What About ACT Subscore Percentiles?

ACT subscores give you more detail about your performance on the ACT and what specific areas you can improve on.

However, as of late 2016, ACT, Inc. no longer releases public information about percentile ranks for ACT subscores, so the only place you can get information about your performance on subscores compared with other test takers is your own ACT score report. If you haven't taken the ACT and are curious, you can take a look at this sample score report for the 2019-20 testing year.

Note that colleges likely will not look too closely (if at all) at your subscores. When it comes to the ACT, your overall composite score is most important. It's the number most colleges use when reporting admitted student score ranges and the score most often used to determine scholarship recipients.

Ultimately, subscores can be used to give more context about your performance, but they're not be-all and end-all numbers.

 

Does My ACT Percentile Actually Matter?

Percentile rankings are important because they help colleges compare your ACT performance with those of other test takers. But the ACT score ranges for the colleges you're applying to are far more important than your overall percentile ranking.

Colleges have average ACT score ranges for admitted students that usually don't change drastically from year to year, and they rely on these ranges when making admissions decisions. This range is the middle 50%, or the 25th and 75th percentile scores, of admitted applicants.

To find ACT score ranges for a college, search "[School Name] ACT scores PrepScholar." By doing this for all of the colleges you want to apply to, you can come up with a target ACT score. Your goal score will be equal to the highest 75th percentile score for your schools.

 

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The goal is to get an above-average ACT score for your dream college.

 

Though your target score is most important, ACT percentiles can help you interpret your own scores better.

For example, say you got a 30 on Math (95th percentile) and a 24 on English (75th percentile). Without percentile data, it would be hard to say exactly how much better you did on Math than on English. But with rankings, you can see that your Math score is excellent and your English score, while strong, could be improved—a 3-point jump to 27 could net you an 84th percentile score.

To sum up, percentiles are a very helpful tool, both for college admissions officers looking at your application and for you in your own studying. But rather than obsessing over your ranking, aim for a score that is competitive for the colleges you want to go to—this will give you your best shot at getting into your dream school!

 

What's Next?

Now that you know about the importance of percentiles, learn more about the average ACT score and come up with your own personal target score.

Dreaming big? Find out what ACT scores you need to get into the Ivy League. And if you're aiming for perfection, check out our guide to a perfect 36, written by our resident full scorer.

Need help studying for the ACT? We teach you how to come up with your own ACT study plan in our expert guide.

 

Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically.

Raise Your ACT Score by 4 Points (Free Download)

 

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Halle Edwards
About the Author

Halle Edwards graduated from Stanford University with honors. In high school, she earned 99th percentile ACT scores as well as 99th percentile scores on SAT subject tests. She also took nine AP classes, earning a perfect score of 5 on seven AP tests. As a graduate of a large public high school who tackled the college admission process largely on her own, she is passionate about helping high school students from different backgrounds get the knowledge they need to be successful in the college admissions process.



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