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The Easiest SAT Subject Tests to Take

Posted by Rebecca Safier | May 23, 2020 5:00:00 PM

SAT Subject Tests



There are lots of SAT Subject Tests to choose from—in fact, there are 21 options that cover 13 different subjects and languages. It can be overwhelming!

To keep things simple, you want to take the Subject Tests that will strengthen your college applications with excellent scores. So, which Subject Tests are easier than others?

While there isn't a cut and dry answer to this question, we can approach an answer from a few different angles. First, let's take a look at how students score on average on each Subject Test.



Average SAT Subject Test Scores

First we'll look at the average score for each of the SAT Subject Tests. These numbers come from data collected from the 2017, 2018, and 2019 graduating classes by the College Board.

Subject Test

Mean Score

Korean with Listening 760
Chinese with Listening 760
Japanese with Listening 702
Mathematics Level 2 698
French with Listening 673
Physics 671
Chemistry 668
Italian 667
Spanish with Listening 664
Biology (Molecular) 654
United States History 647
Spanish 645
World History 629
French 623
Latin 623
Biology (Ecological) 622
German 621
German with Listening 618
Modern Hebrew 615
Literature 614
Mathematics Level 1 610


The first three tests with the highest mean scores are language tests with listening. We'll discuss what this means below, but first let's consider another piece of this puzzle—the standard deviations, or how students' scores are distributed along the curve.


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Standard Deviations of Subject Tests and Why It Matters

The chart below lists the subject tests from highest standard deviation to lowest.

A high standard deviation means that people scored across a wide range of scores, from much lower to much higher than the average. In contrast, a low standard deviation suggests that the majority of people scored close to the average score.

The Korean with Listening and Chinese with Listening tests have the highest mean score and the lowest standard deviations. This means that most students scored near that high mean of 760. While these may sound like rare scores, on these tests they're actually relatively typical!

On a similar note, the Math Level 2 subject test has a pretty high mean score of 698 and a low standard deviation. This means that most students who take Level 2 tend to score around that high mean.

The Literature test, on the other hand, has a lower mean score of 614 and a medium to high standard deviation. So students scored across a wide range of scores on the Literature test. It is possible to score much higher than a 614, and this will put you in a very high percentile compared to other test-takers. However, on the Chinese or Korean tests, a score of 700 might actually be rather low!


Subject Test

Standard Deviation

Modern Hebrew 147
German 136
Italian 127
French 126
German with Listening 121
French with Listening 115
Spanish 114
Latin 111
World History 110
Mathematics Level 1 109
Literature 109
Biology (Ecological) 109
Biology (Molecular) 108
Physics 108
Spanish with Listening 106
Chemistry 104
Japanese with Listening 103
United States History 102
Mathematics Level 2 97
Korean with Listening 67
Chinese with Listening 67



So Which Are the Easiest SAT Subject Tests?

Based on this information, the following Subject Tests seem to be the easiest to get a high score on:

  • Biology E
  • Biology M
  • Chemistry
  • US History
  • World History

Since almost all U.S. high school students take high school biology and U.S. history, and many others also take chemistry and world history, you will be able to prepare well for these tests by reviewing your coursework and putting in prep time.

Most students score lower on the Literature and Math Subject Tests, but there is a wide range of scores on them (at least, on Math Level 1). So while these tests may be challenging, if you put in the effort to prepare then you can score highly and end up in a very high percentile compared to other test-takers.

As mentioned above, the most difficult Subject Tests are probably Japanese with Listening, Korean with Listening, Chinese with Listening, and Math Level 2 if you're not fluent or don't excel in those areas. If you're not confident in your language or math skills, then these tests are not the ones for you.




3 Things to Make Sure You Know...

While the data suggests which Subject Tests are easier and harder to achieve high scores on, you should also make sure you know the following things before deciding on a Subject Test.


#1: Your Language Level

If you're fluent in a language, then these tests can be a great way to achieve a very high score on a Subject Test and add one more asset to your college applications. At the same time, make sure you study and are prepared for what will be on the test. Without a very high score, you may end up in a low percentile—which would be an unpleasant surprise if you actually speak and understand the language!

If you are not near-fluent in a language, you should still be cautious—make sure you understand what will be on the tests and whether you have the language skills to understand the material. Since you're competing with native and fluent speakers, you will have to score very high to end up in a high percentile overall.


#2: Your Math Level

As with some of the language tests, the Math Level 2 test has a high mean score that many students achieve. This suggests that Level 2 is best for students who particularly excel in algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and pre-calculus, and are familiar and comfortable using a graphing calculator.

Check out practice questions here and here to determine which math level is better for you.


#3: Which Subjects You Excel In

Finally, you should take Subject Tests in subjects in which you excel. Subject Tests are meant to demonstrate subject mastery, and you will probably be best served taking them to coincide with finals or AP exams in your relevant classes.

Learn everything you can about the Subject Tests to make your best informed decision about which ones to take. Read about the best test dates to choose, along with how long the SAT Subject Tests are and how to manage your time.

Regardless of what the data suggests about the easiest SAT Subject Tests, you'll achieve your highest scores by understanding where you excel and doing all you can to familiarize yourself with the tests and know what to expect.



What's Next?

Choosing your subject tests also depends on your prospective colleges' requirement. Check out this guide to see the full list of schools that require SAT Subject Tests.

Are you also taking the general SAT? This article talks about what makes a good score, bad score, and excellent score...and how you can set and reach your target scores.

If you're taking or considering the ACT, this article breaks down the scores and how you can maximize your score on the test.


Need a little extra help prepping for your Subject Tests? We have the industry's leading SAT Subject Test prep programs (for all non-language Subject Tests). Built by Harvard grads and SAT Subject Test full or 99th %ile scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so that you get the most effective prep possible.

Learn more about our Subject Test products below:

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Rebecca Safier
About the Author

Rebecca graduated with her Master's in Adolescent Counseling from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She has years of teaching and college counseling experience and is passionate about helping students achieve their goals and improve their well-being. She graduated magna cum laude from Tufts University and scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT.

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