Did you know that early decision isn't necessarily early? "Binding decision" might be a better name for it, since some schools now offer "early" decision deadlines in January as well as in November.
Either way, applying early decision is a big commitment. If you apply this way, you should be totally sure you want to attend that school. Let's review the pros and cons of early decision and look at all the schools that currently offer early decision admission.
What Is Early Decision?
Early decision is a binding admission plan. When you apply early decision, you sign a statement agreeing to enroll in that college if you're accepted. Because of this binding agreement to enroll, you can only apply to one school early decision.
Applying this way is a great choice if you've done your research, weighed your options, and have zeroed in on your dream school. You should, however, make sure you can attend the school regardless of the financial aid package it offers you. Since early decision requires commitment, it might not be an option that's accessible to everyone.
This financial factor has been a point of controversy, causing some schools to switch from early decision to non-binding early action plans. That said, many schools still offer early decision, as you'll see below, perhaps to remain competitive and gain a more accurate sense of enrollment numbers. Rather than offering spots to students who might or might not attend, colleges can be sure that early decision applicants will enroll the following fall.
Some schools appear to accept a higher percentage of early decision candidates than they do regular decision candidates. Since you're committing to a school when you apply this way, your enthusiasm for the institution is likely to make a good impression on admissions officers.
However, early decision doesn't necessarily give you a better chance of getting accepted. Thus, your first priority should always be to submit the best application you can.
As mentioned above, not all early decision deadlines are actually early. Traditionally, early decision deadlines are in November. You'll get notified by mid-December, meaning you could potentially have your college plans finalized before the new year!
Some schools now also offer Early Decision II. Early Decision II has the same stipulations as Early Decision I, but its deadline is typically in January. Early Decision II is a good option for students who are ready to sign a binding agreement but could benefit from a couple more months to prepare their applications. Applying later also gives you the opportunity to retake the SAT/ACT and send mid-year grades from your senior classes.
When you apply early decision in November, you will get either accepted, denied, or deferred. Getting deferred means that your application will be pushed into the regular applicant pool to be reviewed again in February or March. If this happens, you're no longer bound to the enrollment agreement you made and can therefore apply to any other schools under regular decision.
You might also consider sending along other information, such as a recommendation letter or mid-year grades, that could help make your application stronger.
Popular schools with early decision policies include the following:
Some schools that offer both Early Decision I and Early Decision II deadlines are as follows:
- American University
- Boston College
- Boston University
- Bowdoin College
- Brandeis University
- Colby College
- Johns Hopkins
- Pomona College
- Smith College
- Tufts University
- Vanderbilt University
- Wesleyan University
There are lots of other early decision schools besides these well-known, competitive schools. You'll find the full list below.
Complete List: Schools Offering Early Decision
Here's the full list of schools with early decision, organized alphabetically by state. Starred schools offer both Early Decision I and Early Decision II. Scroll through the list or hit ctrl + F to find specific schools you're interested in!
Note that Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Utah, West Virginia, and Wyoming do NOT have any schools that offer early decision plans.
*School offers both Early Decision I and II
- Claremont McKenna College*
- Harvey Mudd College*
- Loyola Marymount University
- Occidental College*
- Pitzer College*
- Pomona College*
- Santa Clara University*
- Scripps College*
- University of San Francisco
- Connecticut College*
- Fairfield University*
- Quinnipiac University
- Trinity College*
- University of New Haven
- Wesleyan University*
District of Columbia
- Augustana College
- Lake Forest College*
- Moody Bible Institute
- Northwestern University
- University of Chicago*
University of Chicago
- Johns Hopkins University*
- Maryland Institute College of Art
- McDaniel College*
- Salisbury University
- Washington College
- Amherst College
- Babson College*
- Becker College
- Boston College*
- Bentley University*
- Boston University*
- Brandeis University*
- Clark University*
- College of the Holy Cross*
- Merrimack College
- Mount Holyoke College*
- Northeastern University*
- Smith College*
- Springfield College*
- Stonehill College*
- Tufts University*
- Wellesley College*
- Wheaton College*
- Williams College
Nebraska Wesleyan University (Medical or Dental School Only)
- The College of New Jersey*
- Drew University*
- Ramapo College of New Jersey
- Stevens Institute of Technology*
- Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences
- Alfred University
- Bard College
- Barnard College
- Clarkson University
- Colgate University*
- Columbia University
- Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
- Cornell University
- Fordham University
- Hamilton College*
- Hartwick College
- Hobart and William Smith Colleges*
- Ithaca College
- Jewish Theological Seminary*
- Manhattan College
- Marist College*
- Nazareth College*
- New York University*
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute*
- Rochester Institute of Technology*
- Sarah Lawrence College*
- Siena College
- Skidmore College*
- St. John Fisher College
- St. Lawrence University
- SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
- SUNY Geneseo
- SUNY Maritime College
- Syracuse University
- Union College*
- Webb Institute
- Wells College
Rockefeller Hall at Vassar College (Noteremote/Wikimedia Commons)
- Davidson College*
- Duke University
- Elon University
- High Point University*
- Wake Forest University*
- Warren Wilson College
- Case Western Reserve University*
- College of Wooster*
- Denison University*
- Kenyon College*
- Miami University
- Oberlin College and Conservatory*
- Ohio Wesleyan University*
- Wittenberg University
- Allegheny College*
- Bryn Mawr College*
- Bucknell University*
- Carnegie Mellon University
- Dickinson College*
- Drexel University
- Duquesne University (School of Law Only)
- Franklin & Marshall College*
- Gettysburg College*
- Grove City College*
- Haverford College*
- Juniata College
- Lafayette College*
- Lehigh University*
- Lycoming College
- Muhlenberg College*
- Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
- Susquehanna University
- Swarthmore College*
- University of Pennsylvania
- Ursinus College*
- Washington & Jefferson College
- Austin College
- Rice University
- Southern Methodist University*
- Texas Christian University
- Trinity University*
- Christopher Newport University
- College of William and Mary*
- Hampden-Sydney College
- Hollins University
- Lynchburg College
- Roanoke College
- University of Richmond*
- University of Virginia
- Virginia Military Institute
- Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech)
- Washington and Lee University*
*School offers both Early Decision I and II
Should You Apply Early Decision?
Now that you've had a chance to look over the list, let's go over the main factors you'll want to consider before deciding whether to apply early decision to a school.
Ask yourself the following questions:
- Have you done a lot of research on your top school?
- Have you visited and explored its campus?
- Do you have solid reasons for wanting to attend this school? And have you felt this way for at least several months?
If you answered yes to these questions, it sounds as though you've been thorough in deciding on your top school. If you are unsure, tend to change your mind, or aren't excited about attending the school, then early decision probably isn't a good choice for you.
Remember, when applying early decision, you're making a binding commitment. In other words, you're agreeing to enroll in that school if accepted, regardless of whatever financial aid offer you receive.
Now, some schools claim to meet all demonstrated financial need, but there's no guarantee that your package will be what you want (or need) it to be. Therefore, in addition to learning all about your school of choice, make sure to consider this financial piece when applying early decision. If you have any questions or concerns, try calling your school's financial aid office for advice.
Finally, make sure you're sending off your strongest application possible. Months of planning and prep will likely be needed to achieve your target SAT/ACT scores, gather quality letters of recommendation from teachers, and write your personal statement.
Up next, we give you suggestions for scheduling your college planning in advance of your early decision deadline.
College-Planning Schedule for Early Decision Applicants
Because applying to college has a lot of components that require time and help from your teachers and counselor, it's critical to start early and keep track of relevant information and materials.
Write down all the requirements for your early decision school, check your progress, and set deadlines to make sure you get everything done in time. The application requirement you should start preparing the earliest is the SAT/ACT, both in terms of test prep and taking the actual tests.
For early decision deadlines, the latest you can take the SAT/ACT is typically September or October. Since you want to have enough opportunities to take the test and improve your scores, it's best to follow one of these two schedules:
Schedule Option #1
- Take the SAT/ACT for the first time in the spring of your sophomore year
- Take the SAT/ACT a second time in the fall of your junior year
- Take the SAT/ACT a third time in the spring of or summer after your junior year
Schedule Option #2
- Take the SAT/ACT for the first time in the fall of your junior year
- Take the SAT/ACT a second time in the spring of your junior year
- Take the SAT/ACT a third time in the summer before or fall of your senior year
Your goal might be to have your SAT/ACT scores all set by the end of your junior year so you don't have to worry about achieving your target scores on that last test date your senior year. If you're applying Early Decision II with a January deadline, you'll have a little more wiggle room in terms of available SAT/ACT test dates.
In addition, be sure to plan out your recommendation letters and personal essay. Ask for your rec letters (and any other documents you need the school to send, such as your transcript) at least a month in advance of your deadlines, ideally by October.
You might also ask junior-year teachers at the end of your junior year. Asking at this time can be a good idea regardless of your college deadlines since your junior-year teachers will remember you most clearly then.
Finally, work on your personal essay over the summer, leaving several months to brainstorm ideas and work through drafts and revisions. Your personal essay is your chance to share your voice with the admissions committee, so give yourself time to say exactly what you want to say.
Try to work on your Common Application or school application in the fall, proofreading for errors and gathering all the important information you'll need, such as extracurriculars. Make sure to discuss with your counselor your reasons for applying early decision, and, finally, have your parents and counselor sign the early decision agreement form for you.
Applying this way will signal your commitment and excitement about a school to admissions committees. You can impress them even further with a thoughtful, thorough application that demonstrates exactly why you'd be a great fit at their college.
Now that you know all the schools that offer early decision, check out their Early Decision I and Early Decision II deadlines.
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Rebecca graduated with her Master's in Adolescent Counseling from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She has years of teaching and college counseling experience and is passionate about helping students achieve their goals and improve their well-being. She graduated magna cum laude from Tufts University and scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT.