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What Is a Good SAT Subject Test Score?

Posted by Rebecca Safier | Oct 2, 2020 9:00:00 PM

SAT Subject Tests

 

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What's a good Subject Test score? This might sound like a straightforward question, but it's actually a little more complicated. What makes a good score varies by SAT Subject Test as the number of test takers differs from test to test. For instance, in 2017 more than 140,000 students took the Math Level II Test, more than 48,000 students took the Literature Test, and only 453 took the Modern Hebrew Test.

As you'll see below, most good scores for SAT Subject Tests are in the 700s, but there are other factors to consider as you set your target scores. Let's take a look at the average scores and percentiles so you can know what a good score is for each individual SAT Subject Test.

While we'll be looking at statistics and college requirements to answer this question, it's also important you learn to define what "good" means to you. Ultimately, with effort and preparation, you should be proud of the Subject Test scores you achieve!

 

What Are the Average SAT Subject Test Scores?

Good SAT Subject Test scores tend to be a fair deal higher than good scores on the general SAT since high academic achievers tend to take the Subject Tests.

The following chart shows the three-year average (2018-2020) for each SAT Subject Test. For a full breakdown of what these average scores mean, check out this article.

SAT Subject Test
Mean Score
Chemistry 672
Chinese with Listening 760
Ecological Biology 627
French 622
French with Listening 679
German 625
German with Listening 622
Italian 629
Japanese with Listening 703
Korean with Listening 759
Latin 623
Literature 616
Math Level I 614
Math Level II 703
Modern Hebrew 616
Molecular Biology 659
Physics 675
Spanish 645
Spanish with Listening 664
U.S. History 647
World History 634

Source: The College Board

See how the average score for Chinese with Listening is an incredibly high 760? The average for Math Level I looks like a more reasonable 614.

So a "good" score would be higher than average, maybe even in the top 25% of test takers, or top 5% if you're shooting for the Ivy League.

Based on these averages, a score of 700 could mean completely different things depending on the test. It would be a strong score on the Literature test but slightly below average on Math Level II. And on the Korean with Listening test, a 700 would be way below average.

Now that you have a sense of the average scores for each test and why they matter for your percentile, let's look at the most recent score percentiles.

 

What Are the SAT Subject Test Score Percentiles?

Along with getting a score somewhere between 200 and 800, you also get a score percentile, which compares you with other students who took the test. Scoring in the 80th percentile, for example, means you scored higher than 80% of students.

The charts below show how scores translated to percentiles for test takers in 2018-2020. All information is taken from the College Board.

 

Literature, History, and Math Subject Tests

Score Literature U.S. History World History Math Level I Math Level II Score
800 99 97 94 99 76 800
790 98 95 92 98 71 790
780 96 93 89 97 66 780
770 95 90 87 95 62 770
760 93 87 84 94 59 760
750 90 83 81 91 55 750
740 87 80 79 87 52 740
730 84 77 75 84 50 730
720 82 73 72 79 46 720
710 78 68 70 76 44 710
700 73 63 66 71 41 700
690 70 59 63 68 38 690
680 66 55 59 65 36 680
670 63 51 56 62 33 670
660 59 47 53 58 30 660
650 54 44 50 54 27 650
640 50 40 47 51 25 640
630 47 36 44 48 22 630

 

 

Science Subject Tests

Score Biology E Biology M Chemistry Physics Score
800 97 94 89 85 800
790 96 91 86 81 790
780 94 88 82 78 780
770 91 84 77 74 770
760 89 80 73 71 760
750 87 77 70 67 750
740 84 72 65 64 740
730 80 69 62 60 730
720 77 64 58 57 720
710 74 60 55 53 710
700 70 56 51 50 700
690 67 53 48 47 690
680 63 49 45 44 680
670 60 45 42 40 670
660 56 42 39 38 660
650 52 38 36 34 650
640 49 35 33 32 640

 

 

Language With Listening Subject Tests

Score Chinese French German Japanese Korean Spanish Score
800 59 78 94 86 64 96 800
790 45 75 94 79 50 93 790
780 35 73 91 71 38 88 780
770 30 70 89 65 31 83 770
760 26 66 86 57 26 79 760
750 23 62 81 52 22 73 750
740 20 59 79 49 20 68 740
730 18 56 75 46 17 63 730
720 16 52 71 41 14 60 720
710 14 49 68 36 13 55 710
700 13 47 65 35 12 53 700
690 11 44 61 33 11 50 690
680 10 41 58 29 10 46 680
670 9 38 55 27 9 42 670
660 8 35 53 25 8 40 660
650 8 33 50 23 7 38 650

 

 

Language (Without Listening) Subject Tests

Score French German Modern
Hebrew
Italian Latin Spanish Score
800 90 92 87 91 94 93 800
790 88 88 80 86 92 90 790
780 86 86 77 80 89 87 780
770 83 82 75 74 88 85 770
760 81 81 74 70 85 81 760
750 78 76 72 66 81 77 750
740 76 74 69 62 79 75 740
730 73 71 67 57 76 70 730
720 71 67 65 54 72 67 720
710 69 66 64 50 69 64 710
700 66 62 61 47 66 61 700
690 64 60 60 44 63 57 690
680 61 58 57 41 60 55 680
670 59 54 56 39 58 51 670
660 56 52 55 36 55 48 660
650 54 49 53 33 52 45 650
640 52 47 51 32 49 42 640
630 49 45 50 29 47 39 630

 

As you can see, there's a lot of variation in percentiles among SAT Subject Tests. That's what makes answering the question of what's a good SAT Subject Test score a bit more complicated. Some tests are considered easier than others, and percentiles can be more competitive depending on the population of test takers.

Based on this data, here are my suggestions for good and excellent scores for each test. These are the scores you should aim for if you want to achieve the 70th percentile or above, 80th percentile or above, or 90th percentile or above.

 

Disappointed with your scores? Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

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Good and Excellent SAT Subject Test Scores

The last way to identify a great SAT Subject Test score is to find out which score you need in order to hit a certain percentile. Below, we've compiled all of the scores needed to reach the 70th, 80th, and 90th percentiles on each Subject Test:

Subject Test 70th %ile+ 80th %ile+ 90th %ile+
Chemistry 750 770-780 800
Chinese with Listening 800 800 800
Ecological Biology 700 730 760-770
French 710-720 750-760 800
French with Listening 770 800 800
German 720-730 750-760 790-800
German with Listening 710-720 740-750 770-780
Italian 760 780 790-800
Japanese with Listening 770-780 790-800 800
Korean with Listening 800 800 800
Latin 710-720 740-750 780-790
Literature 690 710-720 750
Math Level I 690-700 720-730 740-750
Math Level II 780-790 800 800
Modern Hebrew 740-750 790 800
Molecular Biology 730-740 760 780-790
Physics 750-760 780-790 800
Spanish 730 750-760 790
Spanish with Listening 740-750 760-770 780-790
U.S. History 710-720 740 770
World History 710 740-750 780-790

Source: The College Board

Some tests, such as Math Level II, Chemistry, Physics, Chinese with Listening, French, French with Listening, Italian, Japanese with Listening, Korean with Listening, and Modern Hebrew, require near-perfect scores to get a high percentile!

Don't feel overwhelmed by this, though. A lot of these tests have high averages and low standard deviations, meaning that most well-prepared students are able to get a high score near or above the average. If these subjects are your strong suit, then you are statistically likely to be able to achieve a very high score.

On the flip side, if you're not so strong in math, chemistry, physics, or these other subjects, keep in mind that the grading curve is very competitive—you'll be competing with students likely bound for top engineering and technical schools, such as Caltech and MIT (or native speakers for any of the language tests). Reflect on your academic strengths and subject mastery to determine whether one of these tests is right for you.

As I mentioned earlier, good SAT Subject Test scores are higher than good scores on the general SAT. As you can see, to score in the 70th percentile or higher, you'll have to get in the 700s for almost all subject tests.

There is one more consideration when determining good scores on the SAT Subject Tests: the colleges you're applying to. Your percentiles are comparing you with all students who took the test—but not all of these students are applying to the same colleges as you.

Therefore, it's helpful to get a sense of what the average Subject Test scores are for your colleges specifically. What scores do they expect to see? Do admitted students usually score in the low 700s or high 700s? Will the school overlook a low percentile on a Subject Test if it knows the curve for that test was particularly competitive?

Let's consider these questions a little more in-depth.

 

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Uncovering your college's requirements might take a bit of detective work.

 

What SAT Subject Test Scores Do Your Colleges Want?

As with all the other parts of your application, you want to know what your colleges are looking for. What SAT scores do you need? What do they consider a strong GPA? Unfortunately, colleges can be pretty evasive when it comes to giving you answers to these types of questions. Instead, they stress that it's a holistic process and that admissions officers are looking at all elements of your application to get a sense of who you are as a person.

While this is all well and good and you wouldn't want your candidacy to be boiled down only to facts and figures, it still leaves you a bit stuck when it comes to the SAT and SAT Subject Tests.

The first step you can take is to research the admissions websites of your colleges. Simply Google the name of the college along with "SAT Subject Tests" or "average SAT Subject Test scores" and you might find exactly what you're looking for. If this is a dead end, you could try calling admissions officers and asking if they will share this data (or at least their recommendations).

If you're concerned about bothering them, don't be! Lots of admissions officers have tons of valuable information and are happy to share. Plus, demonstrating that you have a vested interest in the college—for example, by speaking with people on campus, visiting the school, or even just putting your name on mailing lists—will further strengthen your application. With the college process, there's nothing helpful about playing hard to get. Put yourself out there!

If your sights are set on the Ivy League, check out our article on the Subject Test scores and requirements for the Ivy League.

Finally, let's step outside statistics and requirements and consider your own personal goals.

 

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Did you celebrate 3/14 this year? What about pi approximation day? Show off your affinity for math by scoring high on the Math Subject Test.

 

How to Customize Your Target SAT Subject Test Scores

What are your personal goals for the SAT Subject Tests? Have you memorized the first 100 digits of pi, or are you always the one who calculates the tip at dinner? If you consider yourself a math whiz, then it might be very important for you to score highly on the Math Subject Test.

When I was in high school, I absolutely loved English class. Reading and analyzing books revealed new ways of thinking about the world and human relationships. Even when it was hard work, it was work I wanted to do.

This doesn't mean I was naturally able to score a perfect score on the Literature Subject Test, though. That test used a much different way of demonstrating subject mastery than my normal classwork did, especially considering its strict time limits. But I felt driven to score well, so I studied practice questions and trained myself to read passages and answer questions under tight time limits.

By reflecting on your strengths and interests, as well as by taking practice tests and scoring them yourself, you can develop your own sense of what a good Subject Test score is for you. Once you've set your target scores, tape them to your wall so you can see them every day. Sharing your goals with friends, study buddies, or family members is another good way to stay focused.

Once you've set your goals based on this information and your colleges' expectations, you can start preparing for the SAT Subject Tests you've chosen. The College Board offers a helpful breakdown of each Subject Test in addition to practice questions. You can also check out our other resources below to answer any other questions you have about the Subject Tests or SAT.

 

What's Next?

You know what makes for good scores on the SAT Subject Tests, but have you decided which ones you're going to take? Check out our expert guide on which Subject Tests you should take.

Are you also studying for the SAT? Just as with the Subject Tests, you'll want to set score goals for yourself and work toward achieving them. Read here about good scores, bad scores, and excellent scores on the SAT.

If you're considering the ACT instead, this article breaks down the scoring system and helps you set your target ACT scores.

 

Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:

Get eBook: 5 Tips for 160+ Points

Raise Your ACT Score by 4 Points (Free Download)

 

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Rebecca Safier
About the Author

Rebecca graduated with her Master's in Adolescent Counseling from the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She has years of teaching and college counseling experience and is passionate about helping students achieve their goals and improve their well-being. She graduated magna cum laude from Tufts University and scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT.



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